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About This GigaPanToggle
- Taken by
- Ricardo Liberato
- Explore score
- 0.24 Gigapixels
- Date added
- February 01, 2009
- Date taken
- February 01, 2009
The Palace of Culture and Science (Polish: Pałac Kultury i Nauki, also abbreviated PKiN) in Warsaw is the tallest building in Poland, the eighth tallest building in the European Union, and the world's 187th tallest building at 237 metres (778 ft). The building was originally known as the Joseph Stalin Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki imienia Józefa Stalina), but in the wake of destalinization the dedication was revoked; Stalin's name was removed from the interior lobby and one of the building's sculptures.
Construction started in 1952 and lasted until 1955. A gift from the Soviet Union to the people of Poland, the tower was constructed, using Soviet plans, almost entirely by 3500 workers from the Soviet Union, of whom 16 died in accidents during the construction. The architecture of the building is closely related to several similar skyscrapers built in the Soviet Union of the same era, most notably the Moscow State University and the Moscow Kremlin Spasskaya tower. However, the main architect Lev Rudnev incorporated some Polish architectural details into the project by traveling around Poland and seeing the architecture. The monumental walls are headed with pieces of masonry copied from renaissance houses and palaces of Kraków and Zamość.
Shortly after opening, the building hosted the 5th World Festival of Youth and Students. Many visiting dignitaries toured the Palace, and it also hosted performances by notable international artists, such as a 1967 concert by the Rolling Stones, the first by a major western rock group behind the Iron Curtain.
The Palace today
As the city's most visible landmark, the building was controversial from its inception. Many Poles initially hated the building because they considered it to be a symbol of Soviet domination, and at least some of that negative feeling persists until today. Some have also argued that, regardless of its political connotations, the building destroyed the aesthetic balance of the old city and imposed dissonance with other buildings. However, over time, and especially in recent years, Warsaw has acquired a number of other skyscrapers of comparable height, so that the Palace now fits somewhat more harmoniously into the city skyline. Furthermore, since Soviet domination over Poland ended in 1989, the negative symbolism of the building has much diminished. Four 6.3-metre clock faces were added to the top of the building in 2000, making it briefly the tallest, and now the world's second-tallest, clock tower (after the NTT DoCoMo Yoyogi Building, to which a clock was added in 2002).
For more details and workflow check out my flickr page:
GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.3865 (Macintosh)
Panorama size: 241 megapixels (19867 x 12171 pixels)
Input images: 80 (10 columns by 8 rows)
Field of view: 120.6 degrees wide by 73.9 degrees high (top=59.5, bottom=-14.4)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: NIKON
Camera model: COOLPIX P6000
Image size: 3000x2250 (6.8 megapixels)
Capture time: 2009-02-01 19:46:26 - 2009-02-01 20:03:27
Exposure time: 2
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 112.0 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 41.9 to 65.5 percent
Vertical overlap: 36.0 to 37.4 percent
Computer stats: 3840 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 55:06 (0:41 per picture)
Alignment: 4:51, Projection: 5:29, Blending: 44:45