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Northern Hardwood Forest and Stone Wall, Salisbury, Vermont by Chris Fastie

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Chris Fastie Chris Fastie
Explore score
1.26 Gigapixels
Date added
Nov 01, 2009
Date taken
Oct 29, 2009

Nikkor P C 105mm f/2.5, Nikon...


Northern Hardwood Forest – Sugar maple and American beech are common in this stand and provide the yellow glow. Beech trees have reproduced by root sprouts far from the main trunks and form a dense sapling thicket. These saplings and some young sugar maples have held onto their yellowed leaves and brighten this scene after most canopy leaves have fallen.

The soil parent material at this site is silty deltaic bottomset beds deposited 13,600 years ago under 25 m of lake water near the mouth of a proglacial river. The abundant stones that were gathered to build the wall suggest a close proximity to the glacial ice that was constraining the spread of the ice-contact delta.

Although most of the tree species here can live 300 to 400 years, few if any in this stand are more than 100 years old. The near side of the stone wall was an agricultural field until World War II. The far side has been a forest since about World War I, but was heavily logged in the last few decades.

When viewed in Google Earth, it becomes clear that the stone wall is quite straight.

Some botanical and technical information is in a comment.

Gigapan Comments (1)

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  1. Chris Fastie

    Chris Fastie (November 02, 2009, 12:42AM )

    Elevation: 145 m (480 ft), Camera location from GPS: N43 56.168 W73 06.091.............................. Species in this stand, in order of importance within category – Overstory trees: Sugar maple (Acer sacharrum), American beech (Fagus grandifolia), White pine (Pinus strobus), Paper birch (Betula papyrifera), Black birch (Betula lenta), Eastern hemlock (Tsuga candadensis), Red maple (Acer rubrum), Red oak (Quercus rubra). Shrubs/understory trees: American beech (Fagus grandifolia), Sugar maple (Acer sacharrum), Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum), Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), White pine (Pinus strobus), Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Herbs: Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum), Running club moss (Diaphasiastrum complanatum)...................................... ....... Community names follow Thompson and Sorenson 2000 www.vtfishandwildlife.com/books/We tland,Woodland,Wildland Will open in
a new tab or window/.....................................Notes: I used a Nikon D40 with Nikkor P C 105mm f/2.5 lens at f/16, ISO 200, NEF. 35mm equiv is 157mm. Focus and shutter speed (0.25-0.6 sec) were adjusted manually as deemed appropriate. Two second shutter delay was initiated by wireless remote. Field of view set to 9.8 degrees. Exposure, recovery, fill, vibrance, and saturation of photos were adjusted in Lightroom before outputting jpegs for stitching.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.4090 (Windows)
Panorama size: 1255 megapixels (50914 x 24665 pixels)
Input images: 345 (23 columns by 15 rows)
Field of view: 208.5 degrees wide by 101.0 degrees high (top=42.9, bottom=-58.2)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera model: NIKON D40
Image size: 3008x2000 (6.0 megapixels)
Capture time: unknown
Aperture: unknown
Exposure time: unknown
ISO: unknown
Focal length (35mm equiv.): unknown
White balance: unknown
Exposure mode: unknown
Horizontal overlap: 28.5 to 59.3 percent
Vertical overlap: 15.9 to 30.5 percent
Computer stats: 3581.58 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 3:07:37 (0:32 per picture)
Alignment: 55:34, Projection: 12:53, Blending: 1:59:09

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