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Frac1 - Preping a Frac Water Containment Pond by marti

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
marti marti
Explore score
0.15 Gigapixels
Date added
Nov 02, 2009
Date taken
Oct 31, 2009

This is the beginning of a Marcellus shale natural gas site going up on Rt. 259 North of LIgonier, PA being developed by XTO Energy.

This is a view of one of two frac water containment pits going in.
These big ponds will be dug out and lined with plastic to contain the frac water -- a briny solution contacting a proprietary set of chemical additives. The water for this job will be drawn from the Latrobe Reservoir down the road, who bid the lowest (not the water authority mentioned the Trib article below)

Apr 01, 2009 (Tribune-Review - McClatchy-Tribune Information Services) -- Ligonier Township property owners voiced concerns Tuesday over a proposed Marcellus shale natural gas drilling project by a Texas-based company on nearby land.

XTO Energy Inc. plans to drill two wells 18 feet apart on a 3.5-acre tract that is part of 197 acres leased to the company by Dean Nelson at 1052 Route 259 in the township.

The company, which recently applied for a conditional use permit to complete the project, explained its plans to about 25 people at yesterday's public hearing held by township supervisors.

XTO land use coordinators Scott Huntington and Tom Dixson said the company intends to drill one well vertically roughly 8,000 feet below the surface to access a pocket of gas. The other well would be drilled to a similar depth before the company would seek additional deposits via 2,000 feet of horizontal drilling, and hydraulic fracturing, known in the business as fracking.

The site would include the wellheads, a production facility, a liquid/gas separation device, artificial lighting and a 250-by-300 foot retention pond for recovered water used for fracking the shale, Huntington said.

The company plans to buy 4.8 million gallons of water from High Ridge Water Authority of New Florence, Huntingdon said. Thirty percent of the recovered water would be used again on other drilling projects, while the rest would be taken to one of five state-approved treatment facilities in the region.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.3510 (Windows)
Panorama size: 148 megapixels (18553 x 8031 pixels)
Input images: 18 (6 columns by 3 rows)
Field of view: 119.0 degrees wide by 51.5 degrees high (top=14.2, bottom=-37.4)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon PowerShot G10
Image size: 4416x3312 (14.6 megapixels)
Capture time: 2009-10-31 15:36:26 - 2009-10-31 15:38:32
Aperture: f/8
Exposure time: 0.02
ISO: 200
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 37.8 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 18.9 to 54.3 percent
Vertical overlap: 25.9 to 40.8 percent
Computer stats: 2038.05 MB RAM, 1 CPUs
Total time 47:50 (2:39 per picture)
Alignment: 2:09, Projection: 6:58, Blending: 38:42

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