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Artco Tugboat by Robert Rydeen

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Robert Rydeen Robert Rydeen
Explore score
1.07 Gigapixels
Date added
Nov 18, 2009
Date taken
Nov 17, 2009

This tug was docked in St. Paul, known as I-MNI-ZA SKA DAN ("little white rocks") by the Dakota, was named because of the white sandstone cliffs that are exposed in the area. During the 1800s, St. Paul's Lower Landing was one of the busiest steamboat landings in the United States. Until the beginning of the railroad era in the 1880s, Lower Landing was the main source of supply and communication for the St. Paul community. It also served as the arrival point for tens of thousands of immigrants entering Minnesota. On average, each steamboat carried several hundred passengers, and the number of steamboat arrivals grew from 256 in 1854 to 1068 in 1858. The St. Paul landing was not actually known as Lambert Landing until 1937, when it was reconstructed by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) as a part of a revival of St. Paul’s riverfront. It was named after Colonel George Lambert, who was a prominent figure in the crusade to modernize Upper Mississippi River navigation. This landing was located at a natural break in the Mississippi River’s 80-foot high bluffs (at the foot of present-day Jackson Street). Most of the landing was removed in the 1950s for the construction of Warner Road.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.3865 (Macintosh)
Panorama size: 1069 megapixels (37812 x 28289 pixels)
Input images: 225 (15 columns by 15 rows)
Field of view: 20.0 degrees wide by 14.9 degrees high (top=2.2, bottom=-12.8)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Panasonic
Camera model: DMC-FZ35
Image size: 4000x3000 (12.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2009-11-17 14:43:21 - 2009-11-17 14:55:59
Aperture: f/8
Exposure time: 0.0015625
ISO: 80
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 486.0 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Automatic
Horizontal overlap: 34.0 to 45.5 percent
Vertical overlap: 37.9 to 57.4 percent
Computer stats: 8192 MB RAM, 4 CPUs
Total time 2:11:54 (0:35 per picture)
Alignment: 9:31, Projection: 14:29, Blending: 1:47:53

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