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About This GigaPanToggle
- Taken by
- Jeff Cremer
- Explore score
- 1.42 Gigapixels
- Date added
- September 27, 2010
- Date taken
- February 12, 2006
Nikon D80 + 70-200mm VR
Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population fast approaching 9 million, Lima is the fifth largest city in Latin America, behind Mexico City, São Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. Lima has been defined as a beta world city.
Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or "The City of Kings." It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Today, around one-third of the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan area.
With a municipal population of 7,605,743, and 8,472,935 for the metropolitan area and a population density of 3,008.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (7,793 /sq mi) as of 2007,
Lima ranks as the 27th most populous 'agglomeration' in the world. Its population features a very complex mix of racial and ethnic groups. Mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European (mostly Spanish) ancestry are the largest ethnic group. European Peruvians are the second largest group. Many are of Spanish or Italian descent; many others are of French, British, German, or Croatian descent.
The third largest group are those Amerindian descent (mostly Aymara and Quechua), and there is a large number of Jews and Middle Easterners. Asians make up a large number of the metropolitan population, especially of Chinese (Cantonese) and Japanese descent. Afro-Peruvians, whose African ancestors were initially brought to the region as slaves, are yet another part of the city's ethnic diversity. Lima has, by far, the largest Chinese community in Latin America.
The first settlement in what would become Lima was made up of only 117 housing blocks. In 1562, another district was built at the other side of the Rimac River and in 1610, the first stone bridge was built. Lima, at this point in time, had a population of around 26,000; blacks made up around 40% of the population, and whites made up around 38% of the population.
By 1748, the white population totaled sixteen or eighteen thousand. In 1861, the number of inhabitants surpassed 100,000, and by 1927, this amount was doubled.
During the early twentieth century thousands of immigrants came to the city, a significant number of French, Italians and Germans, many of them had been adapting to the Peruvian society. They organized in social clubs, and they built their own schools; for example, The American-Peruvian school which is located in Miraflores, The French Alliance (Alianza Francesa de Lima), famous Lycée Franco-Péruvien and the hospital Maison de Sante, the British-Peruvian school in Monterrico, and also several German-Peruvian schools. They also influenced Peruvian cuisine, the Italians in particular exerting a strong influence in the Miraflores and San Isidro areas with their restaurants, called Trattorias.
A great number of Chinese immigrants, and a lesser amount of Japanese, came to Lima and established themselves in the Barrios Altos neighborhood near downtown Lima. Lima residents refer to their Chinatown as "Calle Capon," and the city's ubiquitous Chifa restaurants – a small, sit-down, usually Chinese-run restaurant serving the Peruvian spin on Chinese cuisine – can be found by the dozen in this Chinese enclave.
Lima (known in Spanish as Cercado de Lima) is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is where the inner city zone of Lima, the country's capital city, is located.
This district is the oldest in Lima and as such, vestiges of the city's colonial era remain today in the Historic centre of Lima, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.
The Barrios Altos (Uptown) neighborhood. Here the oldest, though least stable, buildings in Downtown Lima are located. Two cemeteries, El Angel and Presbítero Maestro, form the eastern border with El Agustino. Parts of the long-demolished colonial city walls can be seen here.
El Agustino is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is part of city of Lima. Officially established as a district on January 6, 1965, the current mayor (alcalde) of El Agustino is Víctor Modesto Salcedo Ríos.
(51) 942 081 356
GigaPan Stitch version 1.0.0805 (Windows)
Panorama size: 1418 megapixels (72072 x 19676 pixels)
Input images: 250 (25 columns by 10 rows)
Field of view: 127.4 degrees wide by 34.8 degrees high (top=4.6, bottom=-30.1)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: NIKON CORPORATION
Camera model: NIKON D80
Image size: 3872x2592 (10.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2006-02-12 22:20:07 - 2006-02-12 22:37:32
Exposure time: 0.00625
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 300.0 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 24.4 to 36.9 percent
Vertical overlap: 24.6 to 29.1 percent
Computer stats: 2035.78 MB RAM, 1 CPUs
Total time 39:56 (9.6 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 8:47, Projection: 2:20, Blending: 28:49
(Preview finished in 13:58)