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Panorama over Alba Iulia nearby the Mamut hill (central view) by Calin Suteu

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Taken by
Calin Suteu Calin Suteu
Explore score
1
Size
0.65 Gigapixels
Views
298
Date added
Jan 24, 2012
Date taken
 
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Description

Alba Iulia is a city in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania located on the Mureş River. Since the High Middle Ages, the city has been the seat of Transylvania's Roman Catholic diocese. Between 1541 and 1690 it was the capital of the Principality of Transylvania. Alba Iulia is historically important for Romanians, Hungarians and Transylvanian Saxons. The main historical area of Alba Iulia is the Vauban type citadel built by Charles VI of the Holy Roman Empire in honour of whom the Habsburgs renamed the city Karlsburg. The fortress, with seven bastions in a stellar shape, was constructed between 1716 and 1735, by two fortification architects of Swiss origin. The first one was Giovanni Morandi Visconti, who constructed two old Italian stile bastions, followed by Nicolaus Doxat de Demoret, nicknamed "Austrian Vauban". The two architects radically transformed (after 1720) the medieval fortress shaped by the former Roman Castrum into a seven-bastion baroque fortress, developing Menno van Coehorn's new Dutch system, of which the fortress of Alba Iulia is the best preserved example.
See more info on:
(EN): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alba_Iulia Will open in a new tab or window RO): ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alba_Iulia Will open in a new tab or window


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