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Patrick Ryan Williams's Snapshots

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  1. Eloy

    Snapshot Title: Eloy
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Sacando notas



  2. Cloud tracks

    Snapshot Title: Cloud tracks
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Temple of Picchu Picchu, Cerro Baul, Moquegua, Peru
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Clouds passing overhead created a differential exposure in this part of the image. The underexposed area highlights the ancient processional path down into the sunken court, up to the intermediate pl...



  3. Miniature pilgrim's offering

    Snapshot Title: Miniature pilgrim's offering
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Temple of Picchu Picchu, Cerro Baul, Moquegua, Peru
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Pilgrims come to the summit of Cerro Baul and build small models in stone of their wish from the apu. It usually consists of a house, corrals with pebble animals, agricultural fields, etc... Unwitti...



  4. Staircase at the top of the mountain

    Snapshot Title: Staircase at the top of the mountain
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Temple of Picchu Picchu, Cerro Baul, Moquegua, Peru
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    A staircase opposite the platform which leads down a terraced hillside into the sunken plaza below. It forms an alignment with the platform staircase to the volcanic peaks on the horizon.



  5. Stairway to Heaven

    Snapshot Title: Stairway to Heaven
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Temple of Picchu Picchu, Cerro Baul, Moquegua, Peru
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Four steps to the top of the two-tiered platform on which the rites of propitiation of the Apu Picchu Picchu likely took place. It lines up in a processional orientation with the volcanic peaks and a...



  6. Nevado Picchu Picchu

    Snapshot Title: Nevado Picchu Picchu
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Temple of Picchu Picchu, Cerro Baul, Moquegua, Peru
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Snowcapped peak on the Moquegua-Arequipa border to which the Wari dedicated and oriented this temple.



  7. Nevado Arundane

    Snapshot Title: Nevado Arundane
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Temple of Arundane at Cerro Baul, Moquegua, Peru
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Snowcapped volcanic peak to which the temple is oriented.



  8. Front facing deity

    Snapshot Title: Front facing deity
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Ponce Monolith Profile
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    A principal icon in Tiwanaku art and architecture



  9. Cerro Cutimbo Grande

    Snapshot Title: Cerro Cutimbo Grande
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: South Vista Cerro Cutimbo
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Volcanic rock outcrops used in construction of ancient monuments and funerary structures.



  10. Hand

    Snapshot Title: Hand
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Ponce Monolith Frontal
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Reverse of anatomical position, reflecting supernatural affiliation or alterity?



  11. zoomorphic figure carved in chullpa

    Snapshot Title: zoomorphic figure carved in chullpa
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Chullpas on Cerro Cutimbo
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    a mountain cat or puma figure



  12. Attendant profile figure

    Snapshot Title: Attendant profile figure
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Tiwanaku Gateway of the Sun
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Anthropomorphic condor in profile position holding staff.



  13. Semisubterranean Temple

    Snapshot Title: Semisubterranean Temple
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Tiwanaku from the Akapana
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Likely erected in the Formative Period, the sunken courts contains tenon heads in the walls perhaps representative of ethnic ancestors.



  14. Putuni

    Snapshot Title: Putuni
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Tiwanaku from the Akapana
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    An elite palace structure



  15. Ponce Monolith

    Snapshot Title: Ponce Monolith
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Tiwanaku from the Akapana
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Volcanic stone figure of a Tiwanaku elite over 3 meters tall. Click to explore in detail.

    www.gigapan.org/viewGigapan.php?id=28208



  16. Gateway of the Sun

    Snapshot Title: Gateway of the Sun
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Tiwanaku from the Akapana
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The iconic sun gate in the Kalasasaya at Tiwanaku.
    To explore in detail see:
    www.gigapan.org/viewGigapan.php?id=28209



  17. Wari aqueduct ruins

    Snapshot Title: Wari aqueduct ruins
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The ruins of an aqueduct that carried water from the main Wari canal to the knoll capped by a ritual platform opposite.



  18. Colonial-Historic Road

    Snapshot Title: Colonial-Historic Road
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Road bed constructed in the Colonial-Historic Period (1600-1900 AD) no longer in use.



  19. Wari canal

    Snapshot Title: Wari canal
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The linear feature at the snapshot center is one of the best preserved segments of the main Wari canal on the site and in the region in general. Williams (1997) excavated the canal and estimated its ...



  20. Wari canal and terraces

    Snapshot Title: Wari canal and terraces
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    It takes a trained eye to make out the Wari canal at the top of the snapshot and the horizontal linear features that are the remains of Wari agricultural terraces that once covered the lower half of t...



  21. Wari canal

    Snapshot Title: Wari canal
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The main Wari canal irrigating the slopes of Cerro Mejia passed along this rock face. The remains of retaining walls can be noted in the bottom half of the snapshot.



  22. Defensive Wall

    Snapshot Title: Defensive Wall
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Ladera Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Part of the defensive wall that rings the summit of the Mejia mountain, separating the elite architecture on the summit from the domestic terracing on the slopes.



  23. Archaeologists

    Snapshot Title: Archaeologists
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - Summit Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Donna Nash and Larry Coben explore the ruins of Unit 145, a patio compound excavated by Nash in 2000.



  24. Wari aqueduct

    Snapshot Title: Wari aqueduct
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - El Paso Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    A major Wari aqueduct crossed the pass between Cerros Baul and Mejia at this point. It was paved over by a colonial road. Excavations by Williams, Dayton, and Moseley recovered carbon in the constru...



  25. Fragments of the Wari canal

    Snapshot Title: Fragments of the Wari canal
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - El Paso Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    This linear of stones was the face of the principal Wari canal. It bifurcated at the divide between Cerros Mejia and Baul, and this main channel irrigated the slopes of Cerro Baul on the Tumilaca sid...



  26. Remnants of an aqueduct

    Snapshot Title: Remnants of an aqueduct
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Mejia - El Paso Sector
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    This aqueduct was probably abandoned around 900 AD with the construction of the Tiwanaku templete just to the south of this spot. It originally brought water from the Wari canal to circumnavigate the...



  27. Domestic house unit 48

    Snapshot Title: Domestic house unit 48
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Tumilaca Valley from la Chimba
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Excavated in 2006, this structure, about 2m square, was a room in a Tumilaca house dating to ca. 1000 AD. A small cooking hearth was located outside its front wall, and a pair of storage bins made of...



  28. High Terraces

    Snapshot Title: High Terraces
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Inka Terraces at Lamasana
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    These high terraces mark the point where the canal that followed the contour along this slope meets the ridgeline and becomes a ridgetop canal.



  29. Domestic Terrace Profile Cala 5

    Snapshot Title: Domestic Terrace Profile Cala 5
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Baul, East side
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    A profile cleaned here in 1998 revealed evidence for Middle Horizon domestic occupation.



  30. Domestic Terrace Cala 1

    Snapshot Title: Domestic Terrace Cala 1
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Baul, East side
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Excavations by Donna Nash in 1998 during the Cerro Baul project revealed evidence for Middle Horizon domestic structures in this area.



  31. Tercera Muralla

    Snapshot Title: Tercera Muralla
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Baul, East side
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The third major defensive wall that crosses the town on the eastern access to the summit.



  32. Staircase

    Snapshot Title: Staircase
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Baul, East side
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    This entire dry quebrada (river bed) was built into a long staircase that provided access between different parts of the hillside town and facilitated access to the summit.



  33. Segunda Muralla

    Snapshot Title: Segunda Muralla
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Baul, East side
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    A large defensive wall that divides the town on the access path. Below the wall, Tiwanaku habitation contexts prevail. Above the wall, Wari associated domestic refuse is found.



  34. La Muralla

    Snapshot Title: La Muralla
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Cerro Baul, East side
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Large wall crossing the access path, east of which archaeologists excavated Late Tiwanaku (Tumilaca) domestic habitation.



  35. Drop canal and two terraces

    Snapshot Title: Drop canal and two terraces
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Camata Terraces
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The hydraulic structure of the Inka system is well preserved on the surface. Here, a drop canal structure passes by two preserved terraces of about 1 meter in height.



  36. Cerro Baul: Masada of the Andes

    Snapshot Title: Cerro Baul: Masada of the Andes
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Camata Qolqa
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    In addition to its role as a Wari provincial capital and ritual center (600-1000 AD), Cerro Baul (Cochuna) was also the likely refuge of local settlers against the Inka conquest. Garcilaso de la Vega...



  37. Inka Tambo at Camata

    Snapshot Title: Inka Tambo at Camata
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Torata Valley Sites from Camata
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    The Inka site of Camata Tambo contains a kallanka and over 30 storage structures.



  38. Wari Ritual Water Platform

    Snapshot Title: Wari Ritual Water Platform
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Torata Valley Sites from Camata
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    A large stone platform that marks the point the ancient Wari canal bifurcated into two major branches and changes from a contour to a ridgetop canal.



  39. San Antonio

    Snapshot Title: San Antonio
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Torata Valley Sites from Camata
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Estuquina site (11250-1450 AD) excavated by the Proyecto Osmore and published by Geoff Conrad et al.



  40. Torata Alta

    Snapshot Title: Torata Alta
    Taken by: Patrick Ryan Williams

    Image: Torata Valley Sites from Camata
    Image Owner: Patrick Ryan Williams



    Description:

    Inka-Colonial Period site excavated by the Bodegas Project in the 1980s (P. Rice, director).



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