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Doug Hardy's Snapshots

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  1. trail from Western Breach

    Snapshot Title: trail from Western Breach
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    This trail used to pass just below the Furtwängler, but is now some distance away. It extends from the top of the Western Breach to "Crater Camp" and/or Uhuru Peak.



  2. Penitentes

    Snapshot Title: Penitentes
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Note the rough, jagged appearance of the glacier surface here - and elsewhere along the north side of the glacier, especially. These are nieve penitentes, which form in dry atmospheres at high elevati...



  3. wet sand

    Snapshot Title: wet sand
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    The darker appearance of the crater surface (i.e., sand) here is due to meltwater runoff and infiltration. However, runoff from this ice body is minimal, and mass loss also occurs here - perhaps predo...



  4. snow - not ice

    Snapshot Title: snow - not ice
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Seasonal snow is visible here, due to shading by the steep glacier margin. At this time of year the sun is in the northern hemisphere, so south-facing cliffs are shaded.



  5. deformed foliation

    Snapshot Title: deformed foliation
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    compare to less-tilted foliation to the left; localized geothermal heat flux?



  6. meltwater runoff

    Snapshot Title: meltwater runoff
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    primarily from the horizontal surface



  7. ablation stake #765

    Snapshot Title: ablation stake #765
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    to keep track of changes in surface height



  8. ablation stake #86

    Snapshot Title: ablation stake #86
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    to keep track of changes in surface height



  9. ablation stake #11

    Snapshot Title: ablation stake #11
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, Kilimanjaro
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    to keep track of changes in surface height



  10. coffee cup

    Snapshot Title: coffee cup
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Hamanasi panorama
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    needs filling



  11. Qori Kalis outlet glacier

    Snapshot Title: Qori Kalis outlet glacier
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Approaching storm at Quelccaya Ice Cap
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    This is the icefall, partially obscured by snowfall.



  12. top of Qori Kalis icefall

    Snapshot Title: top of Qori Kalis icefall
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Quelccaya Ice Cap margin, just prior to the 2014-15 wet season
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    icefall above the outlet glacier



  13. el sendero

    Snapshot Title: el sendero
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Quelccaya Ice Cap margin, just prior to the 2014-15 wet season
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    used for 6 days



  14. Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania

    Snapshot Title: Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Earth at Night 2012: The Black Marble
    Image Owner: NASA Earth Observatory



    Description:

    Kilimanjaro itself is the dark oval, slightly brighter in the center (snow?). Directly south is the small city of Moshi, with the lights of small villages visible to the NW of Moshi (1 million people ...



  15. unconformity

    Snapshot Title: unconformity
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Kersten Glacier margin
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    How did this form?



  16. Meltwater...

    Snapshot Title: Meltwater...
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Kersten Glacier margin
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    but from where? Englacial, supraglacial, or from the vertical wall? Note accretion below horizontal surface, covering the stratigraphy.



  17. steam

    Snapshot Title: steam
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Reusch Crater
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Kilimanjaro is NOT an extinct volcano!



  18. Glacier ice

    Snapshot Title: Glacier ice
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Reusch Crater
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Remnants of the former Eastern Ice Field. Way to the left (and badly over-exposed), portions of the Northern Ice Field are visible.



  19. Mt. Meru

    Snapshot Title: Mt. Meru
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Kersten Glacier margin
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    70 km distant



  20. ice & snow

    Snapshot Title: ice & snow
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, western portion
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Note the color / brightness differences in this snapshot. The whitest areas are fresh snow which accumulated 2 and 3 days earlier, the darkest areas are wet-season snow (e.g., April) that has gotten d...



  21. lost explorer...

    Snapshot Title: lost explorer...
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, western portion
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    for scale



  22. ablation stake

    Snapshot Title: ablation stake
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, western portion
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    This is a 48 mm diameter PVC tube installed in a hole drilled into the ice. It serves as a reference for changes in surface height, which occur due to mass gains (e.g., snowfall) and losses (ablation)...



  23. climbers

    Snapshot Title: climbers
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Furtwängler Glacier, western portion
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Four porters crossing toward "Crater Camp" after ascending the Western Breach route.



  24. Baobabs

    Snapshot Title: Baobabs
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Tarangire National Park
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Although distant, this species is instantly recognizable.



  25. Acacia

    Snapshot Title: Acacia
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Tarangire National Park
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Herbivores with short tongues need not attempt to eat.



  26. transient snowline

    Snapshot Title: transient snowline
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Quelccaya Ice Cap outlet glacier
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    The glacier surface here is a mosiac of new snow (1-2 weeks old), seasonal snow (Dec-March wet season), and glacier ice exposed for years to decades. Not the differences in brightness, which has a tre...



  27. higher water level

    Snapshot Title: higher water level
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Moraine-dammed lake at Qori Kalis
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Zoom capability is one of the great features of GigaPans, permitting discoveries! This feature was recognized while exploring the image, suggesting a stable interval of higher water level; it appears ...



  28. dust

    Snapshot Title: dust
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Moraine-dammed lake at Qori Kalis
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    What appears to be an optical issue here is actually a cloud of dust, rising up after rocks rolled down the moraine into the lake. All around Quelccaya Ice Cap, fresh surfaces have been exposed by rec...



  29. Ausangate

    Snapshot Title: Ausangate
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Cordillera Vilcanota Peaks
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Highest peak in the Cordillera Vilcanota, and second highest to Coropuna in southern Peru. Typically climbed from the other side.



  30. snowcover & meltwater

    Snapshot Title: snowcover & meltwater
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis detail
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    This snapshot illustrates the thin mantle of snow from a relatively uncommon June snowfall event. Note how bright the surface appears, which reflects considerably more solar radiation than would a dar...



  31. dead ice

    Snapshot Title: dead ice
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis detail
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Recession of Qori Kalis has slowed now that the glacier no longer extends into the lake. In this snapshot, notice how thin the margin is; hummocky features suggest that there is little flow, with a mo...



  32. stratigraphy

    Snapshot Title: stratigraphy
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis detail
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Annual increments of accumulation are visible here and in other areas of the image. As the glacier flows toward the icefall, crevasses and deformation disturbs the lateral continuity, which is why ice...



  33. icefall

    Snapshot Title: icefall
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis detail
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Due to glacier motion, icefalls are often active and constantly-changing. This collapse looks quite recent.



  34. glacier stratigraphy

    Snapshot Title: glacier stratigraphy
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis outlet glacier at Quelccaya Ice Cap - 2012
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Quelccaya Ice Cap adds an annual increment of net accumulation each year at the summit, preserving a record of environmental conditions. These are visible here to a limited extent, and in greater deta...



  35. geographer

    Snapshot Title: geographer
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis outlet glacier at Quelccaya Ice Cap - 2012
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    We spent hours at this overlook watching rockfall on the moraines, raptors hunting, and just contemplating rates of change. Why do those other 2 guys look alike?



  36. bofedal

    Snapshot Title: bofedal
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis outlet glacier at Quelccaya Ice Cap - 2012
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Meltwater runoff from Andean glaciers provides essential water resources to human and natural systems, especially during the extended dry season. Wetlands (bofedals) such as these sustain an amazing d...



  37. house

    Snapshot Title: house
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis outlet glacier at Quelccaya Ice Cap - 2012
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Within this valley reside some of the world's toughest people, living at 5,000 m (16,500 feet) with no electricity, running water or heat in a brutally-harsh climate.



  38. alpaca

    Snapshot Title: alpaca
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis outlet glacier at Quelccaya Ice Cap - 2012
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Numerous alpaca are scattered about in the valley below the lake, with lesser numbers of llama, sheep, cows and horses. Vicuna - the only 'wild' Andean camelids here - are also present, in increasing ...



  39. dry-season snowfall

    Snapshot Title: dry-season snowfall
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Qori Kalis outlet glacier at Quelccaya Ice Cap - 2012
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Fresh snow seen here and elsewhere in the image is from an early-July snowfall event. Although of minor magnitude, patches of this snow remained even after our cloudless week of dry weather in the are...



  40. Corral

    Snapshot Title: Corral
    Taken by: Doug Hardy

    Image: Cordillera Vilcanota
    Image Owner: Doug Hardy



    Description:

    Likely for alpaca or vicuña. Snowcover in July is not typical!



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